What are the manifestations of arteriosclerosis and how to diagnose it?
A clinical manifestation
(i) The general performance of mental and physical decline the palpation of the surface arteries such as the radial artery and the brachial artery can be found to be wider and longer and harden. (b) Most of the nonspecific symptoms of aortic atherosclerosis can be found in the percussion of the main arteries of the sternum, the widening of the voiced area;
Aortic flap area second heart sounds with metallic tones and systolic murmur systolic blood pressure increased pulse pressure widening radial artery palpation similar to pulse X-ray examination visible aortic junction projecting aorta dilation and distortion sometimes visible in flaky or arcuate plaques with calcareous shadows Aortic atherosclerosis can also form aortic aneurysm to occur at the abdominal aorta below the opening of the renal artery. The second is aortic arch and descending aorta abdominal aortic aneurysm multiple physical examination pulsatile block swelling and found the corresponding part of the abdominal wall can be heard murmur of the pulse of the femoral artery can weaken the thoracic aortic aneurysm can cause chest pain flustered swallowing difficulty hemoptysis vocal cords due to recurrent laryngeal nerve pressure and The X-ray examination shows that the corresponding parts of the aorta are enlarged in the paralytic tracheal displacement or obstruction of the superior vena cava and pulmonary artery compression.
Aortic angiography can show a fusiform or cystic aneurysm two-dimensional ultrasound imaging computerized X-ray tomography imaging with MRI may show tumor-like aortic dilation aortic aneurysm once ruptured, can be rapidly fatal atherosclerosis can also form a dissecting aneurysm but rarely seen (iii) Coronary atherosclerosis can cause angina pectoris myocardial infarction and myocardial fibrosis, etc. will be detailed in the next section
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